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22 Oct 2018

TOMATO (Solanum Lycopersicum)

The tomato is a major vegetable crop that has achieved tremendous popularity
over the last century. It is grown in practically every country of the world – in
outdoor fields, greenhouses and net houses.
Tomatoes, aside from being tasty, are very healthy as they are a good source of
vitamins A and C. Vitamin A is important for bone growth, cell division and
differentiation, for helping in the regulation of immune system and maintaining surface
linings of eyes, respiratory, urinary and intestinal tracts. Vitamin C is important in
forming collagen, a protein that gives structures to bones, cartilage, muscle and blood
Application of Soil Water Trap, significantly increase soil water holding capacity, For
new transplanting saplings, 10 – 30g SAP for each one is more appropriate, can
increase the survival rate of 20% seedlings, and to promote the growth of new

22 Oct 2018

WHEAT (Triticum Aestivum)

Technological advances in soil preparation and seed placement at planting time,
use of crop rotation and Soil Water Trap to improve plant growth, and
advances in harvesting methods have all combined to promote wheat as a
viable crop. Yields of pure wheat per unit area increased as methods of crop rotation
were applied to long cultivated land, and the use of Soil Water Trap became

22 Oct 2018

RICE (Oryza Sativa)

R ice is the seed of the grass species Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal
grain , it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the
world’s human population. Rice, a monocot, is normally grown as an annual
plant , although in tropical areas it can survive as a perennial and can produce a ratoon
crop for up to 30 years. The traditional method for cultivating rice is flooding the fields
while, or after, setting the young seedlings. This simple method requires sound
planning and servicing of the water drainage and channels
Cultivated rice is extremely sensitive to water shortages. To ensure sufficient water,
most rice farmers aim to maintain flooded conditions in their field. This is especially
true for lowland rice. Good water management in lowland rice focuses on practices
that conserve water while ensuring sufficient water for the crop.

22 Oct 2018

MAIZE (CORN) {Zea Mays}

Maize is a cereal crop that is grown widely throughout the world in a range of
agro ecological environments. In Nigeria and West Africa more Maize is
produced annually than any other grain. About 50 species exist and consist
of different colors, textures and grain shapes and sizes. White, yellow and red are the
most common types. The white and yellow varieties are preferred by most people
depending on the region.
Maize was introduced into Africa in the 1500s and has since become one of Africa’s
dominant food crops. Water Approximately 10 to 16 kg of grain are produced for
every millimeter of water used. A yield of 3 152 kg/ha requires between 350 and 450
mm of rain per annum. At maturity, each plant will have used 250 l of water in the
absence of moisture stress.