Maize is a cereal crop that is grown widely throughout the world in a range of
agro ecological environments. In Nigeria and West Africa more Maize is
produced annually than any other grain. About 50 species exist and consist
of different colors, textures and grain shapes and sizes. White, yellow and red are the
most common types. The white and yellow varieties are preferred by most people
depending on the region.
Maize was introduced into Africa in the 1500s and has since become one of Africa’s
dominant food crops. Water Approximately 10 to 16 kg of grain are produced for
every millimeter of water used. A yield of 3 152 kg/ha requires between 350 and 450
mm of rain per annum. At maturity, each plant will have used 250 l of water in the
absence of moisture stress.